Mutianyu Great Wall
Mutianyu Great Wall lies in about 70km northeast of Beijing in Huairou County. This section measures 2250ms in length with 22 watchtowers, but only 1700ms with 14 watchtowers are open to the public.
The sections to its east is Gubeikou and to its west is Juyongguan , so it was of military and strategic importance.
These sections were originally built some 1400 years earlier. And the Great Wall was repaired, renovated and expanded in the Ming dynasty. General Xuda began the construction of the Great Wall from Shanhaiguan , in Qinhuangdao to Mutianyu in1368.
There is one section of wall that was built 1400 years before, the others were built by General Xuda under the order of Zhuyuanzhang, the founder of Ming dynasty. Later it was further strengthened by Qijiguan, who had accomplished great achievements , gained lots of rewards and won many battles in the Ming dynasty , he had 1200 watch tower along the Great Wall from Shanhaiguan to Changping , this kind of Great Wall not only offer enough space for the soldiers shelter and food ,arms storing , but also a solid block of defense that was very effectively reinforced the combat strength.
Two unique features of the Mutianyu Great Wall are the branch walls and the battlements on both sides . the walls here were built with stone slabs and the top parts were built with gray brick battlements. Any other parts of the Great wall only have the battlements just on the outer side and parapets on the inner side. But here , both the inner and outer parapets are crenellated with merlons. So that shots could be fired to the enemy on both sides. This feature is rarely seen on other parts of the Great Wall with battlements on both sides and crenels along the battlements. Besides , Qijiguang further developed the Great Wall by covering most of the constructions with bricks and stones and building spanning watchtowers. So credit should be given to this great general.
Compared to other sections of Great Wall , Mutianyu here has more plants and rich woods , so it has a much more beautiful landscape all a year around, when spring around the corner, Mutianyu would be decorated with peach and plum at its full blossoms. In summer, with its grant trees and grass, people would feel much cool than other ones. The best season should due to Autumn, the whole mountain was beautified with colors, golden, red tree leaves and fruits and be seen everywhere. In winter , if we are lucky enough get the snow, this would be the most attractive and surprised scene over the Great Wall.
Like Badaling , Mutianyu Great Wall is also accessible by cable cars from below .